Nagaland government is set to revive its traditional varieties of rice and millets. With increasing climate change, it has become difficult of drought and rising temperature where there is low yield. The state has rich bio diversity where it has over 867 traditional ‘land races’ of rice have been identified by the State Agriculture Research Station (SARS) at Mokokchung. These rice varieties are broadly categorized as glutinous, brown and aromatic, and most of them are grown under the jhum or shifting cultivation system practiced by different Naga tribes in the state. The state government has initiated gene pool conservation of indigenous rice varieties under traditional integrated rotational farming system for promoting livelihood and food security as climate change adaptation strategy with an investment of Rs. 240 million.